Most of the debate over how artificial intelligence (AI) will indeed affect geopolitics focuses on the emerging arms race between Washington and Beijing, as well as investments by major military powers such as Russia. There are several breakthroughs happening at a rapid pace in the United States as well as China.
Although the arms race between superpowers is riveting, AI development outside of the major powers can have a profound impact on the world. The way smaller countries are choosing to make use of and invest in AI will indeed affect their own power and status in the international system.
Artificial intelligence beyond the superpowers
Middle powered—countries such as Australia, France, Singapore, and South Korea—are usually prosperous and also technologically advanced, with small-to-medium-sized populations. They have more capital than labor. Their domestic investments in AI does have the potential to, at a minimum, enhance their economic positions keeping in tune with global demand for technologies enabled by machine learning, like rapid image recognition or self-driving vehicles. AI has dual-use that is applicable to both peaceful as well as military purposes.
Presently, many medium-sized countries are investing in AI applications to bolster their economies and also improve their ability to provide for their own security. While AI will not transform middle powers into military superpowers, it can help them to achieve existing security goals
As of now, several many middle powers are indeed leveraging their private sectors to advance AI capabilities. Most countries are focusing on narrow applications of AI, such as making use of algorithms to conduct discrete tasks, rather than pursuing artificial general intelligence.
Artificial intelligence Superpowers
Many AI technologies are using algorithms that need to groom large amounts of information in order to learn as well as become intelligent. It is for this reason essential to compile data. National strategies are being evolved to develop AI.
Beyond government and military spending, another major factor will influence how AI does affect the future global order. Much depends upon the transfer ability of AI breakthroughs. Machine learning algorithms to learn to identify patterns and also make predictions from data sets, without being explicitly pre-programmed, but data always comes from specific contexts.
Even though AI-related advance has only a commercial benefit, it will give the host country an economic boost. If it is transferable to military use, the country will further benefit. Either way, government-sponsored investment in narrow AI plus the ability to be able to attract private investment in the sector could also reduce smaller nations’ dependence on larger powers, enabling them to pursue their national interests more effectively.
Therefore, AI is typically defined as the capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior; a definition does tend to evoke strong visions for the future in the form of either fix-all solutions or evil robot overlords. A pragmatic approach has to be taken thus bypassing the hype in favor of focusing on augmentation — rather than imitation — of human expertise, ingenuity, craftsmanship as well as intelligence. You may like: Artificial intelligence beyond the superpowers